Quick Answer: How Do You Administer Atropine?

When should you not take atropine?

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What is atropine used for in emergency situations?

Although atropine treats bradycardia (slow heart rate) in emergency settings, it can cause paradoxical heart rate slowing when given at very low doses (i.e. <0.5 mg), presumably as a result of central action in the CNS.

How fast do you give atropine?

Atropine should be administered by rapid IV push and may be repeated every 3-5 minutes, to a maximum dose of 3 mg.

What happens if you give too much atropine?

Excess doses of atropine sulfate may cause side effects such as palpitations, dilated pupils, difficulty swallowing, hot dry skin, thirst, dizziness, restlessness, tremor, fatigue, and problems with coordination.

Why is atropine given?

Atropine is used to help reduce saliva, mucus, or other secretions in your airway during a surgery. Atropine is also used to treat spasms in the stomach, intestines, bladder, or other organs. Atropine is sometimes used as an antidote to treat certain types of poisoning.

Where do you inject atropine?

In poisonings caused by organophosphorous nerve agents and insecticides it may also be helpful to concurrently administer a cholinesterase reactivator such as pralidoxime chloride [see DRUG INTERACTIONS]. The injection site is the mid-lateral thigh area. The Atropine autoinjector can inject through clothing.

When should atropine be administered?

Atropine is the first-line therapy (Class IIa) for symptomatic bradycardia in the absence of reversible causes. Treatments for bradydysrhythmias are indicated when there is a structural disease of the infra-nodal system or if the heart rate is less than 50 beats/min with unstable vital signs.

What do you give after atropine?

Dopamine: Second-line drug for symptomatic bradycardia when atropine is not effective. Dosage is 2-20 micrograms/kg/min infusion. Epinephrine: Can be used as an equal alternative to dopamine when atropine is not effective.

Why is atropine given for bradycardia?

Atropine increases the firing of the sinoatrial node (atria) and conduction through the atrioventricular node (AV) of the heart by blocking the action of the vagus nerve. With 3rd-degree block, there is a complete block and disassociation of the electrical activity that is occurring in the atria and ventricles.

Can atropine be given IM?

Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP may be given intramuscularly, intravenously or subcutaneously. Atropine is a white crystalline alkaloid which may be extracted from belladonna root or may be produced synthetically. It is used as atropine sulfate because this compound has much greater solubility.

How do you administer atropine for bradycardia?

Atropine is useful for treating symptomatic sinus bradycardia and may be beneficial for any type of AV block at the nodal level. The recommended atropine dose for bradycardia is 0.5 mg IV every 3 to 5 minutes to a maximum total dose of 3 mg.