Quick Answer: What Are Examples Of Universal Precautions?

What are the 5 moments of hand hygiene?

My 5 Moments for Hand Hygienebefore touching a patient,before clean/aseptic procedures,after body fluid exposure/risk,after touching a patient, and.after touching patient surroundings..

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What PPE is used for standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection. the safe use and disposal of sharps.

What is another name for standard precautions?

Universal to standard: a succinct synopsis In 1996, the CDC replaced the term ‘universal precautions’ with ‘standard precautions’, which aimed to prevent nosocomial infection in patients as well as HCWs, and concerned other micro-organisms as well as BBVs.

What are universal and standard precautions quizlet?

Terms in this set (5) Universal Precautions. is an approach to infection control to treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they are known to be infectious for HIV, HBV & other blood borne pathogens. Standard Precautions.

What do you wear for standard precautions?

Standard precautions include:Hand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, gowns, masks)Safe injection practices.Safe handling of potentially contaminated equipment or surfaces in the patient environment, and.Respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette.

What are the 3 universal precautions?

Universal precautions apply to the following body fluids:Blood.Semen and vaginal secretions.Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)Synovial fluid.Pleural fluid.Pericardial fluid.Amniotic fluid.

What is the most common method of spreading infection?

Contact transmission is the most common form of transmitting diseases and virus. There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person.

What are standard precautions and when should they be used?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

Which statement is the best definition of universal precautions?

Universal precautions refers to the practice, in medicine, of avoiding contact with patients’ bodily fluids, by means of the wearing of nonporous articles such as medical gloves, goggles, and face shields.

What are the five universal precautions?

5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.

What are universal precautions quizlet?

universal precautions. a set of behaviors designed by the CDC to minimize the spread of infectious disease. universal precautions. the purpose is to disrupt/prevent the invasion of bacteria or viruses through the use of appropriate barriers. standard precautions.

Why is standard precautions important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

What diseases are airborne precautions?

Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Airborne precautions apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei.

Which is not a component of universal precautions?

Universal precautions do not apply to sputum, feces, sweat, vomit, tears, urine, or nasal secretions unless they are visibly contaminated with blood because their transmission of Hepatitis B or HIV is extremely low or non-existent. In 1987, the CDC introduced another set of guidelines termed Body Substance Isolation.

What is the difference between standard and universal precautions?

Standard precautions were developed by the CDC to synthesize the major features of universal precautions, which were designed to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne pathogens, and body substance isolation, which was designed to reduce the risk of transmission of pathogens from moist body substances.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

Who does universal precautions protect?

Universal precautions are intended to prevent parenteral, mucous membrane, and nonintact skin exposures of health-care workers to bloodborne pathogens. In addition, immunization with HBV vaccine is recommended as an important adjunct to universal precautions for health-care workers who have exposures to blood (3,4).

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What are the 9 key areas that define standard precautions?

8.1 Standard precautionshand hygiene and cough etiquette.the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)the safe use and disposal of sharps.routine environmental cleaning.incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions [91].