Quick Answer: Which Of The Following Is A Form Of Toxicity That Can Be Caused By Chronic Benzene Exposure?

What is an example of a chronic response to chemical exposure?

A chronic health effect is an adverse health effect resulting from long-term exposure to a substance.

Symptoms do not usually subside when the exposure stops.

Examples of chronic health effects include asthma and cancer..

What information does an SDS contain quizlet?

It includes product identifier; manufacturer or distributor name, address, phone number; emergency phone number; recommended use; restrictions on use. This section identifies the hazards of the chemical presented on the SDS and the appropriate warning information associated with those hazards.

How do chemical agents affect human health?

Such chemicals may: cause health effects, for example be a respiratory sensitiser or skin irritant or sensitiser; be a physical hazard, for example a flammable, explosive or oxidising chemical; affect the environment, if they are used, stored or disposed of incorrectly.

What are the 5 elements of safety?


The term “health hazard” includes chemicals which are carcinogens, toxic or highly toxic agents, reproductive toxins, irritants, corrosives, sensitizers, hepatotoxins, nephrotoxins, neurotoxins, agents which act on the hematopoietic system, and agents which damage the lungs, skin, eyes, or mucous membranes.

What are the properties of benzene?

Benzene has a boiling point of 80.1 °C (176.2 °F) and a melting point of 5.5 °C (41.9 °F), and it is freely soluble in organic solvents, but only slightly soluble in water.

What information can you find in the SDS to protect yourself?

The SDS includes information such as the properties of each chemical; the physical, health, and environmental health hazards; protective measures; and safety precautions for handling, storing, and transporting the chemical.

How can you protect yourself from chemicals?

How to protect yourself from chemicalsIf your house was built before 1978, ask an adult to have it tested for lead.Wash your hands often, and always before eating and sleeping.Use cold water for drinking and cooking.Make sure you eat foods that have lots of calcium, iron, and vitamin C.Eat less fatty foods because they can make you absorb more lead.

What is the primary purpose of the Safety Data Sheet SDS )?

Purpose. A Safety Data Sheet (formerly called Material Safety Data Sheet) is a detailed informational document prepared by the manufacturer or importer of a hazardous chemical. It describes the physical and chemical properties of the product.

Which type of chemical can cause delayed health problems?

Over time, some chemicals, such as PCBs and lead, can build up in the body and cause long-term health effects. Chronic exposures can also occur at home.

What are the 5 types of hazards?

OSHA’s 5 Workplace HazardsSafety. Safety hazards encompass any type of substance, condition or object that can injure workers. … Chemical. Workers can be exposed to chemicals in liquids, gases, vapors, fumes and particulate materials. … Biological. … Physical. … Ergonomic.

Can Benzene be absorbed through the skin?

The main way people are exposed is by breathing in air containing benzene. Benzene can also be absorbed through the skin during contact with a source such as gasoline, but because liquid benzene evaporates quickly, this is less common.

What types of health consequences could develop as a result of exposure to chemicals?

What type of health consequences could develop as a result of exposure to chemicals? Heart, kidney, liver and lung tissue could be damaged as a result of exposure to chemicals. What are three primary methods of chemical exposure? inhalation, skin contact, ingestion.

What are the three methods of chemical exposure?

The different ways a person can come into contact with hazardous chemicals are called exposure pathways. There are three basic exposure pathways: inhalation, ingestion, and skin contact. Inhalation is breathing or inhaling into the lungs. Ingestion is taking something in by mouth.

What are the effects of benzene exposure?

Benzene causes harmful effects on the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in red blood cells, leading to anemia. It can also cause excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection.

How do you prove chemical exposure?

In determining whether an alleged chemical exposure caused a particular disease or illness, an expert must establish the following criteria: (1) the toxic substance at issue must have been demonstrated to cause in humans the disease or illness suffered by the plaintiff; (2) the individual must have been exposed to a …

What is the purpose of safety data sheets quizlet?

Communicate the hazards of dangerous drugs and chemicals to anyone who compounds, stores, transports, or cleans these items. Also called Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).

What are the 7 types of hazards?

What Are the Most Common Hazards in a Workplace?Biological. Biological hazards include viruses, bacteria, insects, animals, etc., that can cause adverse health impacts. … Chemical. Chemical hazards are hazardous substances that can cause harm. … Physical. … Safety. … Ergonomic. … Psychosocial.

What is a method of protection against chemical exposure?

The four methods of personal protection against chemical exposure our hand protection, I protection, protective clothing, and inhalation protection. But are the OSHA requirements regarding an eyewash unit. OSHA requires an eyewash unit in areas where chemicals are used.

What is the safe level of exposure to benzene?

1. Airborne: The maximum time-weighted average (TWA) exposure limit is 1 part of benzene vapor per million parts of air (1 ppm) for an 8-hour workday and the maximum short-term exposure limit (STEL) is 5 ppm for any 15-minute period. 2.

What are the 10 types of hazard?

The Top 10 Workplace Hazards and How to Prevent ThemSlips, trips, and falls. Falls from tripping over who-knows-what (uneven floor surfaces, wet floors, loose cables, etc.) … Electrical. … Fire. … Working in confined spaces. … Chemical hazards. … Biological hazards. … Asbestos. … Noise.